The rules of logistics

Introduction

more and more companies require reception of the operative information depending on demanded conditions on a certain instant. Thus the information should be received as soon as possible with the minimum expenses of money resources, with maximum metrics of reliability, accuracy and objectivity. Connected with this operations in logistics sphere did not become an exception.logistics is an optimal control of the commodity-material streams followed from the supplier to the consumer and linked to them by informational, financial and service streams on the basis of a system approach for the purpose of abbreviation of time and costs in a chain of deliveries of the goods., there are several types of logistics. Here are some of them: transportation logistics, procurement and production logistics, warehouse logistics, business logistics, information and marketing logistics, industrial logistics and distribution logistics. The majority of the types of logistics intersect. This is a case in point is the definition of the tasks of transport logistics, whose main tasks is to ensure cargo, minimizing the cost of shipping, searching for optimal routes of goods, searching and selection of forwarders, coordination of other issues with the sender and the recipient of the goods. Transport logistics is different from the transportation that freight forwarding is the result of logistics, namely choosing the most favorable option in terms of time and cost of the route, mode of transport and their combinations. Transport logistics binds the many stages of freight forwarding.the basis of control process of the material flows lies information processing, which is circulating in logistics systems. In this connection one of key concepts of logistics is the concept of an informational stream. The choice of vehicle type, the joint planning of transport processes, the joint route planning, joint planning of travel time along the route - all of this are information flows, by good governance them directly depends of the effectiveness of materials management.rules of logistics

in the field of logistics has the final goal, which was called name six rules of logistics.

. Cargo (the necessary goods).

. Quality (necessary quality).

. Quantity (in necessary quantity).

. Time (should be supplied in due time).

. A place (in a proper place).

. Expenses (with the minimum expenses).purpose of logistics activity is considered reached if these six conditions are fulfilled, i.e. the necessary goods of necessary quality, in necessary quantity are supplied in due time, in a proper place with the minimum expenses.


development logistics underwent, in essence, because of appearance and development of the transmission media and data processing, there is demand for the applications for the logistics, the actuality of the need of the automation of logistic operations does not leave doubt.the contemporary conditions for the development of economy for the enterprises of Kazakhstan urgent need to focus serious attention on the optimization of its activity appears, since the principles of the market economy take root into of increasing degree in the country, competition is strengthened. In this context the special importance acquires the creation of the systems, which make it possible to increase the effectiveness of control of material flows, which improves entire economic activity. As a whole, this problem can be defined as the formation of the competitive advantages through the reduction of logistic expenses and an improvement in the quality of maintenance on the basis of the creation of effectively functioning logistic systems.subject actuality is also defined: an increasing role which is played by logistics in economic activities in the conditions of market economy; problems of integration of Kazakhstan in a global logistics infrastructure and its adapting to standards and the requirements operating in the developed countries; necessity of application of modern technologies and economic mechanisms of creation and development. The research actuality is defined as well by that attention which is given by Government RK to questions of development of a logistics infrastructure and its interaction with the international logistics environment.

purpose of diploma work

main purpose of diploma project is - to make better transportation, automation of logistics operations in depots associated with the control of the route and time. Experience shows that because of the irrational planned routes and lack of control the location of transport companies transport costs are increased by 20-40%. Inefficient logistics management results in excessive mileage and fuel consumption, less than optimal use of fleet vehicles and simple, and the lack of funds leads to a diversion of transport, fuel drain, non-compliance with the conditions of transport drivers. And so today, in the fleets it is necessary to automate logistics processes. In particular the need to develop a software application that allows you to control the route and time of a particular bus. The development program will be implemented in JavaScript.


the basic results, obtained in the diploma work and which constitute the scientific novelty of a study, relates the following:

defined requirements for the structure and function of modern logistics information systems allowing for the business organization;

developed a procedure for choosing the most effective way to automate the management of the logistics company based on the analysis of business processes, information systems.

Implement a software application, to select an effective way to control routing, time and resources to optimize cost.practical value of the work lies in the opportunities of practical use of methods and recommendations for the development of information systems in logistics. The use of the program will enhance the efficiency of logistics systems in the company.

for the problem solution

of software applications for logistics solutions will reduce labor costs and saving money before officers standing at bus stops, watching the time, can use this time to work more effectively.of paper conducting operations:

a)Loss of productivity in connection with search of necessary remarks to working off;

b)Copying and storage of remarks for the purpose of an archiving;)Cumulative influence on a total cost and the quality of tools given to clients.of operation with electronic system:

a)Automation access of clients to a database;

b)Simple and safe digital archiving of the data;)Reduction of necessity for physical space of storage of documents at the expense of usage of digital storages;)Cumulative useful result of reduction of cost and more effective servicing;)the ability to monitor the bus directly from the bus park, which does not allow bus drivers to deceive the authorities.basic results of studies in the process of the work on the diploma project are published in [2].

of diploma project

project consists of the following main sections: introduction, designing section, experimental research section, technological section, conclusion, bibliography and applications.introduction part is proved importance and an urgency of the selected subject, is formulated the purpose of the diploma project, and also offered the short characteristic of development of logistics.design section of the project are parsed necessary requirements at a design stage, is resulted the substantiation of development tools and defined the methodology of solution of the task.experimentally-research section is directly described system development, a physical design of the application, and also UML diagrams.section contains results of operation of the application, testing and the description of operation in Software application.the conclusion are resulted the main theoretical and practical results of the diploma projectliterature list consists of 18 sources.contains: user interface windows, codes of programs

1. Design section


.1 Information systems in logistic

informative thread is an aggregate of circulatory in the logistic system, between the logistic system and external environment of reports, necessary for a management and control of logistic operations. An informative thread can exist as paper and electronic documents.is necessary to mean, that besides logistic operations another operations, similarly attended with an origin and transmission of threads of information, are carried out in the economic systems. However logistic informative threads(stream) make the most meaningful part of the combined stream of information.as well as any other system, the informative system must consist of well-organized associate elements and possess some aggregate of integrative internals. Decoupling of the informative systems on making elements it is possible to carry out variously. Most often the informative systems are subdivided into two subsystems: functional and providing (figure 1).


1. Information subsystems

The functional subsystem consists of a collection of the solved tasks grouped on the basis of a generality of the purpose. The providing subsystem, in turn, includes following units:

A hardware, aggregate of hardware, providing treatment and transmission of informational threads;

A supply with information which includes various directories, qualifiers, coders, means of the formalized description of the data;

A software, i.e. set of methods of the decision of functional problems. Logistical information systems, as a rule, represent the automated control systems of logistical processes. Therefore the software in logistical information systems is a complex of programs and set of means of the programming providing the decision of problems of management by material streams, processing of texts, reception of the help data and functioning of means.microlevel distinguish the following three kinds of information systems:

. Planned information systems - are created at administrative level of management for acceptance of long-term decisions: creation and optimization of links of a logistical chain; manufacture planning; the general storekeeping; management of reserves, etc.

. Non-mandatory, or dispatching offices IS - created at the level of management storage or workshop for providing of the debugged work of logistical system, for making decision on medium-term and long-term prospects: disposing of intra-depot or inside factory transport; selection of loads on orders and their completing; account of the sent loads; detailed control of inventories.

. Executive IS - are created at level of administrative or an operational administration for execution of daily affairs in a mode of real time; an operational administration manufacture service; management of moving, etc., relating the logistic systems, decide in the planned information systems. Through planning in a chain "sale-manufacture-supply" that allows creating effective system of the organization of the manufacture, constructed on market requirements, with delivery of necessary requirements in system of material support of the enterprise is thus carried out. By planned systems as though "get involved" logistical system in an environment, in a cumulative material stream.non-mandatory and executive systems go into detail drawn up plans and provide their implementation on separate productive areas, in storages, and also on concrete workplaces.and horizontal integration of information systems.to the conception of logistic the informative systems, related to the different groups, are integrated in single IS. Distinguish vertical and horizontal integration. Vertical integration connection is considered between planned, non-mandatory and executive the systems by means of vertical informative threads.


.1.1 Essence, structure and functions of informational logistics systemlogistics information system fulfils a number of specific functions:

) planning

) coordination

) service

) managementthe basis of the functional pyramid of logistic information system lies the system of the operations between the components of logistic system, which determines interrelations between the functional subdivisions of firm (in the plan of the realization of logistic functions), by logistic mediators and by the users of the production of firm. At the level of analysis the logistic regional or administrative managers of firm in essence use information for tactical purposes for marketing, prognostications of financial and operating production indices. Finally, at the upper strategic level logistics determines strategy of management and it is connected with the strategic corporate planning and the mission of firm.characteristics of the system levels of the functional structure of logistic information system are connected with achieving of the specific strategic and tactical goals of firm and competitive advantages.organizational structure of logistic information system can be coarsely formed of four subsystems: administration of the procedures of orders, scientific studies and connection, support of the logistic solutions and generation of output forms and reports. These interconnected subsystems achieve information- computer support of all functions of logistic management and connection with the micro- and macro-logistic environment.the organizational structure of logistic information system as one of the basic subsystems is isolated the subsystem of control of the procedures of orders, which is caused by the direct contact of this subsystem with the users in the processes of working and fulfilling the orders. Great significance here has a use of a concept of electron exchange by data and the based on it standards.subsystem of scientific studies and connection reflects the influence of the external and internal medium of firm on the process of logistic management and is accomplished interaction between the components of logistic system and the control functions due to:

the integration of logistic planning with the corporate planning;

interaction of logistic management with other corporate functions;

strategic installations for the organizational structure of logistic system and personnel;

the integration of information technologies;

preparation or the purchase of the technological solutions and use of mediators;

adaptation to the conditions of the firm of the forms of logistic chains, channels and networks, and also of control functions;

accentuation on productivity and quality of services in the logistics.subsystem in question plays important role for the reflection of changes and requirements both of the external and internal medium of firm. Logistic manager can use this subsystem for scanning of micro- and macro-media of firm four by methods:

) by indirect examination on the basis of the total analysis of the obtained information, when there is no specific assigned purpose;

) by the direct examination, when information about the external and internal medium of firm actively is analyzed with the previously formulated purpose;

) by a nonformal study of relatively limited and unstructured data;

) by a formal study with the use of the previously comprised plan, procedures and methods of working and analysis of obtained information.the optimization of the results of evaluating the influence of the external and internal medium of firm on the behavior of logistic system logistic manager must use key information sources of subsystem in the process of monitoring. It is here necessary to consider two aspects. First, the use of information by personnel of firm for the estimation of the effectiveness of its logistic solutions. For example, bookkeeping information or information about the prices of the finished production of competitors can give irrefragable answer about the effectiveness of management; information about the sizes of cargo sending can be used by the transport subdivisions of firm and T. d. In the second place, the logistic partners of firm, such, as the suppliers of material resources, commercial mediators, ferrymen and users of finished production also can use information of subsystem for an improvement in coordination and reduction in our own expenditures. Important place in the subsystem in question belongs to prognostication, in particular, to such aspects as the collection of initial information, the estimation of accuracy, authenticity, use of the most effective methods of prognostication.third component of a logistics information system is the subsystem of support of logistics solutions which represents the interactive computer information system including databases and analytical models, the optimization tasks realizing, as a rule, arising in the course of logistics management. The subsystem forms, refreshes and supports variously structured, centralized and distributed databases for four main types of files:

the basic files containing the external and internal information, necessary for acceptance of logistics solutions;

° the critical factors defining the main operations, the purposes and limitations at decision-making;

the politicians/parameters containing the main logistics operational procedures for key areas;

files of the solutions storing the information on the previous (periodic) solutions for various logistics functions.the given subsystem the great number of economic-mathematical models and methods (in particular, predictions for support of the solutions accepted by logistics management) is used. All these models and methods can be divided into classes: optimization, heuristic and imitative. Optimization models of decision-making are grounded on operational calculus methods: programming (linear, nonlinear, dynamic, stochastic, integer), the mathematical statistics (correlatively-regression analysis, the theory of stochastic processes, the identification theory, the theory of statistical models of decision-making, etc.), calculus of variations, optimum control, queuing theory, counts, schedules etc. In particular, for various logistics functions it is possible to specify following tasks:

optimal dispatching in production, transportation, cargo handling;

the optimal allocation of objects in the production, the distribution, the storing;

the construction of optimum logistic chains, channels, networks;

the construction of the optimum organizational structure of logistic system;

optimum routing;

the determination of the optimum duration of the components of logistic cycles;

the optimization of the procedures of collection, working and of fulfilling the orders;

the optimization of the parameters of control systems of reserves;

an optimal choice of a carrier, the forwarding agent, the supplier etc.a considered subsystem interactive (dialogue) procedures of informational support of decision-making by logistics management are widely applied.fourth unit of organizational structure of a logistics intelligence system - a subsystem of generating of output forms and reports ".system of information input in the logistics for fulfilling the functions enumerated above must be correspondingly organized. The specific character of this system lies in the fact that in the process of its activity it must have the capability to exert influence on all functional subsystems of logistic organization. Three methods of its organization are based on this possible: centralized, decentralized and specialized.the centralized method of organization the activity in the information input is concentrated in one control (subdivision) and is subordinated to the directly highest leadership of organization through the Vice President (deputy director) for the information systems (technologies). The guarantee of a high efficiency in the works on the introduction of new information systems and technologies is the advantage of this method of organization. To the deficiencies can be attributed high expenditures for the content of administrative apparatus.the decentralized method of organizing the subsystem of information input the specialists of different functional subdivisions fulfill control functions of information traffics in their subject area. The high standard of knowledge of the subject area of manager along the information systems is the advantage of this method of organization, by deficiency - duplicating uniform tasks and functions in the different subdivisions of organization.a specialized way in the organization there are no divisions on intelligence systems (technologies). In need of development and implantation of a new intelligence system the given organizations access in specialized corporations and perform operations on a contractual basis (outsourcing).is characteristic for the small organizations which cannot have the experts in the field of the information technology, occupied a full time, and resort to services of advisers. Advantage of the given way of the organization of system of a supply with information is high level of scientific and methodical developments, disadvantage - complexity of the registration of specific features of the object.choice of this or that way of the organization of system of a supply with information depends on many factors, first of all from the sizes of the organization existing in it of business processes, presence of free money resources. We will mark: the supply with information system has reached now such level of specialization that demands attention to the organization are modern heads understand. Therefore any small organization incorporates information services. The intelligence system necessary for adequate performance of functions of logistics, should meet following requirements:

informational streams should be compatible in the informational ratio;

internal interrelations and complementarities of informational streams should have cause and effect character;

hierarchical subordination of informational streams to should be accurate;

property of integrations should be inherent in an intelligence system.


.1.2 Principles and the levels of information logistic systemprinciples must be placed as the basis of the construction of logistic information system:

. Completeness and the fitness of information for the user. Logistic manager must have available the necessary and complete (sufficient) information for decision making, moreover in the form necessary for him. For example, information about reserves or orders of users frequently needs preliminary processing and is usually placed not, where logistic manager is made decision.

. Accuracy. The accuracy of initial information has fundamental value for making of correct decisions. For example, information about the level of reserves in the distribution network in the contemporary logistic systems allows not more than 1% errors or uncertainties for adopting the effective solutions in the physical distribution, the creation of reserves and the satisfaction of consumer needs. Great significance has a accuracy and a authenticity of initial data for predicting of demand, planning of the needs for the material resources and etc.

. Timeliness. The logistics information should arrive in management system in time as it is demanded by many logistics technologies especially grounded on the concept "is exact in time". Timeliness of the information is important practically for all complex logistics functions. Besides, many tasks in transportation, operational management, handle of orders and stores dare in real-time mode ("on line"). Same numerous tasks of logistics monitoring demand also. Requirements of timeliness of arrival and information processing are realized by modern logistics technologies of scanning, satellite navigation, shaped coding, and implementation of standards EDI/EDIFACT.

. Degree of orientation. The information in information logistics should be routed system on revealing of additional possibilities of improvement of quality of production, tools, lowering of logistics costs. Ways of reception, transmission, mapping and information preprocessing should promote revealing of "bottlenecks", spares of saving of resources, etc.

. Flexibility. The information circulating in a logistics intelligence system, should be adapted for concrete users, have the appearance most convenient for their. It concerns both firm personnel, and logistics intermediaries and end users. Paper and electronic document circulation, intermediate and output forms, reports, helps and other documents should be as much as possible adapted for requirements of all participants of logistics process and are adapted for the possible dialog mode for many users.

. Suitable data format. Data format and the messages, applied in computer and telecommunication networks of a logistics intelligence system, should use as much as possible effectively productivity of means (a memory size, speed, capacity etc.). Sorts and forms of documents, layout of accessories on paper documents, dimension of the data and other parameters should facilitate information machining. Besides, informational compatibility of computer and telecommunication systems of logistics intermediaries and other users on data formats in a logistics information system is necessary.formation of information system in the logistics is accomplished according to the hierarchical principle, moreover in the logistic information systems the numeration of the levels begins from the lowest. This principle is accepted for the purpose to ensure the possibility of the growth of information system with more high ranks and its starts as the subsystem in the generalizing systems and the network of higher order, if in this need appears.accordance with this structural decomposition in the information systems in the logistics are separated three levels (Fig. 2):


2. Levels in the processes of logistics from the positions of the systems approach.


. The first level - this is the level of the work site (in the broad sense), for example, of the place of storing, machine tool for the execution of mechanical processing, place or installation for the placement into the container and marking and others One or other logistic operation or another with the controlled material flow is accomplished at this level, namely its element (component, single packing, working table- satellite or any other unit of load) is moved, is overloaded, is packed, is passed one or other working or another.

. The second level - this is the level of production section, shop, storage and others, where the processes of working, packing and transport of the units of load occur and work sites are placed.

. The third level - this is the system of transportation and displacement of the units of load in the entire productive- marketable system as a whole from loading of raw material, materials and components to the delivery of finished articles to users and calculations for them.of industrial-marketing system and manual to which there correspond the levels of an intelligence system, define functional and operation completeness of informational subsystems.an information system top level the planning informational subsystem is realized. Here administration of the common material stream on purpose is exercised logistics to organize the industrial-marketing activity routed on the most effective satisfaction of requirements of the market.the second level of information system are represented the so-called dispositive (disposite - to place, to manage) information subsystems. These subsystems detail the plans, comprised at the upper level and are led they to the level of separate production sections, shops, storages mechanized to one degree or another and other production subdivisions and T. p., and also determine the methods of operations of these subdivisions.so-called executive information subsystems are placed at the lower level of information systems. They lead tasks, rules and instructions to the concrete work sites and the executors, monitor also the motion of technological process at the work sites and ensure feedback, forming primary information from these work sites.us note that the planning, dispositive and executive subsystems are connected with straight and reverse vertical information traffics.series of problems inside functional the subsystems indicated are connected with horizontal information traffics.


.1.3 Basic directions of informational-technical support of logistics systemsinformation and technical base of control systems is understood the totality of the interconnected means and methods, which ensure the preparation of information for decision making: data collection and their primary processing, checking of authenticity, storage and the transmission of data, their renovation and correction with the application of the necessary mathematical methods.information and technical guarantee of logistic systems is characterized by not the nature of information and the collection of technical tools, utilized for their the processing, but by methods and by the principles, utilized for their construction. This respectively affects the change information flows, volumes and directions, on the procedure of the selection of most technical means of control, in particular to:

determination of the functions of control systems of material and flow of money, the determination of the composition of the necessary information and the establishment of its periodicity, appearance and use

designing of procedures of standard and non-standard messages, on processes of design, ordering and the analysis of all informational materials.purpose of the construction of the information and technical base of logistic systems - to be incorporated in the structure of control and to become its integral part. In this case by the special feature of the logistics of the construction of the information and technical base of the systems of this kind in comparison with the traditional systems of the automation of control it consists in the fact that it, from one side, is directed toward raising the technical level of control systems, and with another - it imposes new requirements on the methods of economic control of objects.a result logistic construction the information and technical base of control systems must make it possible to conduct analysis and adoption controlling influence on the object under the conditions for the assigned purposes and established processes of information nature.the basic factors, connected with the construction it is information - logistic systems, they appear:

) Conditions for interaction of the systems between themselves and environment.

)The creation of the model of the organization of information and technical guarantee, by which understand the hierarchy of subjects, who make decisions, their right, the reaction time and the regimes of interaction.

)Presence of the economic and mathematical model of planning, forecasting, management and analysis of state.

)Development of calculated algorithms for the economic and mathematical models.

)Presence of the necessary complex of technical equipment, including computer organizational technology and communication system.

)Applied software of entering of data in the system, their storage, distribution for the purpose of the optimization of the actions of the controlling personnel.logistic systems for control are directed toward an increase in the effectiveness in the motion of material and flow of money. Construction of the information and technical bases of the systems indicated to called ensure the comprehensive integration of all parts of control system, their operational and reliable cooperation.


.1.4 Hierarchy of the use of the logistic information systemstructure of organization (enterprise) in general form presents the actually formalized system of decision making, independent of the nature of activity. Organization system usually determines the specific objectives, which must be solved by the appropriate services of enterprise (by subdivisions, by the components of production), and also is attached responsibility in the prevailing hierarchical system for control.logistic system of the organization of control establishes such order, with which information and information traffics between the separate organizational units folding on its basis have a nature of information lead. The purposeful nature of the anticipating information makes it possible to conduct within the framework administrations the objective systematic analysis of situations and to make the necessary decisions. Objects themselves and objects of control, being located in the process of functioning in the purposeful, information and organizational interrelation, form the united logistic system of control of processes.present, depending on the nature of the relations between the objects, by the structures of control, and also of their signs were formed the following basic forms of hierarchical organizational structures: linear, linear-functional and matrix.information and technical bases of logistic systems, being entered in organizational the structure of control accepted, introduce essential correctives into the interrelation of the structures of control, into their subordination and make them more receptive to the real procedures of decision making. In other words, this makes it possible, to first of all in the best way use physical and intellectual possibilities of person himself, nature of division of labor in the spheres of control, quantity of control levels and composition of the subdivisions entering in them, and to also determine the necessary requirements for them for the purpose of effective control of material and flow of money.synthesis of the information and technical bases, built on the logistic bases, and the organizational structures of control as a whole makes it possible to ensure:

) the more effective organization of planning and management of material and flow of money and the clear distribution of tasks and control function, rights and responsibility between the structural components, the objects and the objects,

) the best combination of human and machine it is sectional in control systems, to increase the effectiveness of preparation and adoption the solution, reliability and authenticity of mapping the actual state of processes in all components of material and flow of money,

) working out optimum administrative solutions and the efficiency of their fulfillment.the purpose of the achievement of the stability of the synthesis of the structures of control and information and technical bases of the logistic systems for control it is necessary to clearly determine concrete composition and nature of the planning problems and management of material and flow of money, distributing them along the levels of hierarchical system and the structural elements.and technical base of the logistic systems for control, being organically entered in the structure of the control of the concrete subdivisions of control, and also to interaction during agreement and estimation of final indices., the logistics of information process, being entered in the organizational structure of control, gives to it the specific hardness and rationality, it manufactures in the concrete specialists for administration the habits of the high professional level of decision making.question of the interrelations between the subdivisions in the quite organizational structure of control of material and flow of money was traditionally considered one of the most complex questions in the guarantee of effectiveness in control. In this connection the use of logistic approaches during the construction of organizational structures makes it possible to evenly distribute tasks along the structural subdivisions and the levels of the administrations, which require the solution. In this case, the formation of vertical and horizontal interrelations must occur not on the customary hierarchical or functional basis, but on the basis of the development of the special economic-organizational models of solution of the administrative problems, which make it possible to centralize (or decentralize) administrative connections during the solution of specific objectives and to increase the responsibility of concrete subdivisions and specialists for the eventual results of solution of problems during control of material and flow of money. Hierarchy of the use of the logistic information system:

) The level of specialists, who use system for decision making of

- Anticipating level

- Controlling level

- Management of average level

- Management of higher level

) The range of the use of information

- Processing operational data (transaction, answers to questions)

- Information for the schedule planning and control

- Controlled information for the tactical planning and decision making

1.2. Development tools

resources are used for project development:

.Integrated Development Environment Microsoft Visual Studio 2008computing, Microsoft Visual Studio is an Integrated Development Environment (IDE) from Microsoft. It can be used to develop console and graphical user interface applications along with Windows Forms applications, web sites, web applications, and web services in both native code together with managed code for all platforms supported by Microsoft Windows, Windows Mobile, Windows CE, .NET Framework, .NET Compact Framework and Microsoft Silverlight.Studio includes a code editor supporting IntelliSense as well as code refactoring. The integrated debugger works both as a source-level debugger and a machine-level debugger. Other built-in tools include a forms designer for building GUI applications, web designer, class designer, and database schema designer. It accepts plug-ins that enhance the functionality at almost every level-including adding support for source-control systems (like Subversion and Visual SourceSafe) and adding new toolsets like editors and visual designers for domain-specific languages or toolsets for other aspects of the software development lifecycle (like the Team Foundation Server client: Team Explorer).Studio supports different programming languages by means of language services, which allow the code editor and debugger to support (to varying degrees) nearly any programming language, provided a language-specific service exists. Built-in languages include C/C++ (via Visual C++), VB.NET (via Visual Basic .NET), C# (via Visual C#), and F# (as of Visual Studio 2010[3]). Support for other languages such as M, Python, and Ruby among others is available via language services installed separately. It also supports XML/XSLT, HTML/XHTML, JavaScript and CSS. Individual language-specific versions of Visual Studio also exist which provide more limited language services to the user: Microsoft Visual Basic, Visual J#, Visual C#, and Visual C++.Visual C#. Microsoft Visual C#, Microsoft's implementation of the C# language, targets the .NET Framework, along with the language services that lets the Visual Studio IDE support C# projects. While the language services are a part of Visual Studio, the compiler is available separately as a part of the .NET Framework. The Visual C# 2008 compiler supports version 3.0 of the C# language specifications. Visual C# supports the Visual Studio Class designer, Forms designer, and Data designer among others.of usage of Microsoft Visual Sudio:

·More effective work with the data. With writing of the code, which works with the sources of data, for developers it, as a rule, was necessary to study new technology or paradigm of access to the data for each source. LINQ (Language-Integrated Query) - this is the collection of lingual expansions for C# and Visual Basic and for the infrastructure .NET Of framework 3.5. It makes it possible to use unified approach and to write less than the code with the fulfillment of demands and conversions, which are rotated to the collections of objects, ADO.NET, with XML- given and relational data from the bases Microsoft SQL Server. To programmers, who use LINQ, are accessible all means Visual Studio 2008, which automate process of development: the auto-completion of operators, automatic correction during the intellectual compilation and the technology IntelliSense. All this makes it possible to expend less than the time on the study of the syntax of access to the data in the languages like T-SQL or XPATH and to be concentrated on data processing.

·Programming in different languages. The environment of Visual Studio supports several most popular in the world languages of programming, including Visual Basic, Visual C#, Visual C++ and JavaScript. Therefore it is suitable to the wide circle of developers for writing of the most different applications. The solutions for Visual Studio, created are more than 200 by strange companies, they ensure support of additional languages and many other possibilities, making it possible to master new languages, to improve its habits, to solve unique business- tasks and to be occupied by different projects, employing the same customary means.

·The more convenient user interfaces. Visual designers Visual Studio 2008 make it possible to create the powerful and attractive applications, based on Windows Presentation Foundation - to graphic subsystem .NET Of framework 3.5, which uses possibilities of contemporary video card.

·Development of the connected solutions and the ordering of the business- processes. With the aid of the graphic designer and the diagnostic routine for Windows Communication Foundation, entering Visual Studio 2008, the developers can easily connect systems or applications. Regardless of the fact, what protocols and transports are used, for the programming adapts general API. Analogously tools of Windows Workflow Foundation make it possible to simulate software of the real business- processes, allowing tools, with the aid of which simple to visualize, to create, to edit and to fix working processes with the participation of people or devices.

.Sublime Text 2Text 2 is a new version of a very powerful editor that has primarily flown under the radar since 2008. Originally created for Windows, the new beta version is now also available for Mac and also Linux-based platforms. The version 2.0 is available in beta, but is very stable, and even the developer releases are extremely solid and updated almost daily. I propose that you should check out ST2 and consider it as your daily go-to editor. This article is intended to show off some of the great features of this modern and constantly evolving text editor.is a handful of the great features that sets Sublime Text 2 above other editors:

·Mini-map overview graphic for birds-eye-view of source

·Powerful command palette to quick perform actions

·Easy file loading with file switching panel

·Multiple selection capability

·Code-Folding

·Indent Guides

·Vintage mode for Vi key bindings

·Powerful multi-pane/Split-pane editing

·Regex-based find and replace

·Support for Textmate themes

·Powerful plugin architecture

·Jump-to-function panel

·Remembers files on re-open

·Bracket matching

·Fully customizable key bindings

·Auto-complete and Snippets and Macros

·Full-screen / Distraction-free editingto say that Sublime Text 2 is a feature-packed editor and makes it a worthy alternative to the other popular editors out there on each platform. As I use a mac, I will be using mac terminology in the information below, but most of the tips and tricks translate directly to the Windows and Linux versions.- Sublime Text 2 has always been quick, and now its both faster and leaner. Startup times especially are now faster, although keep in mind that the first time you start up after installing or upgrading, itll take longer than normal as your packages are updated.Complete - Suggestions are now offered as you type, to complete the current word or insert snippets. Because this uses Sublime Texts fuzzy matching algorithm, you can type just a few key characters to quickly select the word you want to complete: No more typing wow_this_function_name_is_really_long(), wtf<enter> will get you want you want.

3. Google MapsMaps (formerly Google Local) is a web mapping service application and technology provided by Google, that powers many map-based services, including the Google Maps website, Google Ride Finder, Google Transit, and maps embedded on third-party websites via the Google Maps API. It offers street maps, a route planner for traveling by foot, car, bike (beta), kayak, or public transport and an urban business locator for numerous countries around the world. Google Maps satellite images are not updated in real time; they are several months or years old.

Google Maps uses a close variant of the Mercator projection, so it cannot show areas around the poles. A related product is Google Earth, a stand-alone program which offers more globe-viewing features, including showing polar areas.many other Google web applications, Google Maps uses JavaScript extensively. As the user drags the map, the grid squares are downloaded from the server and inserted into the page. When a user searches for a business, the results are downloaded in the background for insertion into the side panel and map; the page is not reloaded. Locations are drawn dynamically by positioning a red pin (composed of several partially transparent PNGs) on top of the map images.Google Maps is coded almost entirely in JavaScript and XML, some end users have reverse-engineered the tool and produced client-side scripts and server-side hooks which allowed a user or website to introduce expanded or customized features into the Google Maps interface. Using the core engine and the map/satellite images hosted by Google, such tools can introduce custom location icons, location coordinates and metadata, and even custom map image sources into the Google Maps interface. The script-insertion tool Greasemonkey provides a large number of client-side scripts to customize Google Maps data.with photo sharing websites, such as Flickr, are used to create "memory maps". Using copies of the Keyhole satellite photos, users have taken advantage of image annotation features to provide personal histories and information regarding particular points of the area.hidden IFrame with form submission is used because it preserves browser history. The site also uses JSON for data transfer rather than XML, for performance reasons. These techniques both fall under the broad Ajax umbrella.October 2011, Google announced MapsGL, a WebGL version of Maps with better renderings and smoother transitions.the success of reverse-engineered mashups such as chicagocrime.org and housingmaps.com, Google launched the Google Maps API in June 2005 to allow developers to integrate Google Maps into their websites. It is a free service, and currently[update] does not contain ads, but Google states in their terms of use that they reserve the right to display ads in the future.using the Google Maps API, it is possible to embed Google Maps site into an external website, on to which site specific data can be overlaid. Although initially only a JavaScript API, the Maps API has since expanded to include an API for Adobe Flash applications, a service for retrieving static map images, and web services for performing geocoding, generating driving directions, and obtaining elevation profiles. Over 350,000 web sites use the Google Maps API, making it the most heavily used web application development API.Google Maps API is free for commercial use providing that the site on which it is being used is publicly accessible and does not charge for access, and is not generating more than 25 000 map accesses a day. Sites that do not meet these requirements can purchase Google Maps API Premier.success of the Google Maps API has spawned a number of competing alternatives, including the Yahoo! Maps API, Bing Maps Platform, MapQuest Development Platform, and OpenLayers.September 2011, Google announced it would discontinue a number of its products, including Google Maps API for Flashphones are being increasingly used for navigation assistance. Google Maps Navigation for Android 2.0 is free.provided in the application:in plain Englishby voiceviewalong routeviewViewdock mode

2. Experimentally-research section


.1 Business process of logistic operations


A business process or business method is a collection of related, structured activities or tasks that produce a specific service or product (serve a particular goal) for a particular customer or customers. It often can be visualized with a flowchart as a sequence of activities.are three types of business processes:

1)Management processes the processes that govern the operation of a system. Typical management processes include "Corporate Governance" and "Strategic Management".

2)Operational processes, processes that constitute the core business and create the primary value stream. Typical operational processes are Purchasing, Manufacturing, Marketing and Sales.

)Supporting processes, which support the core processes. Examples include Accounting, Recruitment, Technical support.business process begins with a customers need and ends with a customers need fulfillment. Process oriented organizations break down the barriers of structural departments and try to avoid functional silos.business process can be decomposed into several sub-processes, which have their own attributes, but also contribute to achieving the goal of the super-process. The analysis of business processes typically includes the mapping of processes and sub-processes down to activity level.Processes are designed to add value for the customer and should not include unnecessary activities. The outcome of a well designed business process is increased effectiveness (value for the customer) and increased efficiency (less costs for the company).Processes can be modeled through a large number of methods and techniques. For instance, the Business Process Modeling Notation is a Business Process Modeling technique that can be used for drawing business processes in a workflow.


.1.1 Business logisticsas a business concept evolved only in the 1950s. This was mainly due to the increasing complexity of supplying one's business with materials and shipping out products in an increasingly globalize supply chain, calling for experts in the field who are called Supply Chain Logisticians. This can be defined as having the right item in the right quantity at the right time at the right place for the right price in the right condition to the right customer and is the science of process and incorporates all industry sectors. The goal of logistics work is to manage the fruition of project life cycles, supply chains and resultant efficiencies.business, logistics may have either internal focus (inbound logistics), or external focus (outbound logistics) covering the flow and storage of materials from point of origin to point of consumption (see supply chain management). The main functions of a qualified logistician include inventory management, purchasing, transportation, warehousing, consultation and the organizing and planning of these activities. Logisticians combine a professional knowledge of each of these functions so that there is a coordination of resources in an organization. There are two fundamentally different forms of logistics. One optimizes a steady flow of material through a network of transport links and storage nodes. The other coordinates a sequence of resources to carry out some project.


.1.2 Third - party logisticsparty logistics involves the utilization of external organizations to execute logistics activities that have traditionally been performed within an organization itself.[1] According to this definition, third party logistics includes any form of outsourcing of logistics activities previously performed in-house. If, for example, a company with its own warehousing facilities decides to employ external transportation, this would be an example of third party logistics. Logistics is one of the emerging business area in many countries.management system and warehouse control systemthere is some functionality overlap, the differences between warehouse management systems (WMS) and warehouse control systems (WCS) can be significant. To put it simply, the WMS plans a weekly activity forecast, based on such factors as statistics, trends, and so forth, whereas a WCS acts like a floor supervisor, working in real time to get the job done by the most effective means. For instance, a WMS can tell the system its going to need five of SKU A and five of SKU B, hours in advance, but by the time it acts, other considerations may have come into play or there could be a potential logjam on a conveyor. A WCS can prevent that problem by working in real time and adapting to the situation by making a last-minute decision based on current activity and operational status. Working synergistically, WMS and WCS can resolve these issues and maximize efficiency for companies that rely on the effective operation of their warehouse or distribution center.


.1.3 Logistics operations and logistics functionsas a function in a company. Logistics can be classified into various positions depending on how it is viewed as a function in a company. If logistics plays a critical role in a companys success, it makes sense to position it in the functional organization beside the basic functions of finance, production or human resources. Another option could be further centralization of logistics. But it is debatable whether this serves the cross-sectional function of logistics.as an operational function. The functional organization is based on the classification criterion of operations, and is frequently used in small and mid-sized companies. Logistics can be included centrally or decentrally in the current organizational structure as an additional operation. As a result, it is put on the same level as other fundamental operational functions such as production, sales and procurement. The basic condition for this is that logistics is considered an operational function [1]. Broad centralization can be achieved if logistics is placed directly under the managerial level. However, the functional organization opens up wide design possibilities as there are various types of this organizational form - this depends on the degree of centralization, the hierarchical classification and the functional place of logistics tasks in the present organizational units [2]. Despite the possibility of creating a comprehensive centralization, it must be stressed that a functional classification does not reflect the cross-sectional character of logistics. For this reason, this classification is termed skeptically as the functional-silo approachfunction is the integrated group of the logistics operations routed on implementation of the purposes of logistics systemmodern tasks of logistics distinguish two sorts of functions: operative and coordination.character of functions is linked to direct traffic control of material assets in sphere of supply, production and allocation.functions in supply sphere concern handle of movement of production from the supplier or the item of their acquisition industrial firms, warehouses or trading storages.a phase of production the storekeeping including the control of movement of intermediate products and components through all stages of production, and also finished goods moving on wholesale warehouses and retail commodity markets becomes logistics function.function by production allocation cover the end streams operative organization of production from firm-manufacturer to consumers.of logistics coordination functions concern: revealing, the analysis of requirements for material resources of various phases and production parts; the analysis of the markets on which the firm, and forecasting of behavior of other sources of these markets operates; the data processing, concerning orders and requirements of clients.enumerated functions of logistics consist in supply and demand coordination on the goods. In this sense marketing and logistics are closely interconnected, and the affirmed formula - «marketing forms demand, and logistics it realizes» - has under itself powerful from-carrying. To a certain extent the formula is applicable and to coordination of mutual relations of logistics and production (figure 3).the limits of coordination functions of logistics one more of its directions - the operational planning dictated by tendency to reduce stores was selected, without reducing efficiency of industrial and marketing activity of corporations. Its essence consists that on the basis of the forecast of the demand adjusted later at arrival of real orders, schedules of transportations and as a whole an order of storekeeping of finished goods which as a result and define production planning, development of programs of supply by its raw materials and completing products are developed.


3. Logistics functions schema.


.2 Simulation of the system

means (from Computer Aided Software/System Engineering) make it possible to design any systems on the computer. The necessary element of systems and structural-functional analysis, CASE- means allow to model business processes, databases, software components, activity and structure of the organizations. Activities are applicable practically in all spheres. Result of applying the CASE- means - optimization of systems, reduction in the expenditures, an increase in the effectiveness, and reduction in the probability of errors.conducting of analysis and reorganization of the business- processes PLATINUM of technology proposes the CASE- means of the upper level Of BPwin, which supports methodologies IDEFO (functional model), IDEF3 (WorkFlow diagram) and DFD (DataFlow diagram). Functional model is intended for describing the existing business- processes in enterprise (the so-called model AS -IS) and ideal state of affairs - that, what it is necessary to approach (model TO -BE). Methodology IDEFO prescribes the construction of the hierarchical system of diagrams - the single descriptions of the fragments of system. First is conducted description of the system as a whole and its interaction with the surrounding peace (contextual diagram), after which is conducted functional decomposition - system it is divided off into the subsystems and each subsystem is described separately (diagram of decomposition). Then each subsystem is divided off into the smaller and so on before reaching of the necessary degree of detail. The session of the examination is conducted after each session of decomposition: each diagram is checked by the experts of subject area, by representatives of customer, by people, which directly participate in the business- process. This technology of the creation of model makes it possible to build the model, adequate of subject area at all levels of the abstracting.


.2.1 UML DiagramsModeling Language (UML) is a standardized general-purpose modeling language in the field of software engineering.Unified Modeling Language (UML) is used to specify, visualize, modify, construct and document the artifacts of an object-oriented software intensive system under development. UML offers a standard way to visualize a system's architectural blueprints, including elements such as:

·actors

·business processes

·(logical) components

·activities

·programming language statements

·database schemas, and

·reusable software componentscombines techniques from data modeling (entity relationship diagrams), business modeling (work flows), object modeling, and component modeling. It can be used with all processes, throughout the software development life cycle, and across different implementation technologies.is very important to distinguish between the UML model and the set of diagrams of a system. A diagram is a partial graphical representation of a system's model. The model also contains a "semantic backplane" - documentation such as written use cases that drive the model elements and diagrams.diagrams represent two different views of a system model:

·Static (or structural) view: Emphasizes the static structure of the system using objects, attributes, operations and relationships. The structural view includes class diagrams and composite structure diagrams.

·Dynamic (or behavioral) view: Emphasizes the dynamic behaviour of the system by showing collaborations among objects and changes to the internal states of objects. This view includes sequence diagrams, activity diagrams and state machine diagrams.diagrams can be categorized hierarchically as shown in the following class diagram:

4. Categories of UML diagrams

overview. UML 2.2 has 14 types of diagrams divided into two categories. Seven diagram types represent structural information, and the other seven represent general types of behavior, including four that represent different aspects of interactions.general, every UML element may appear on almost all types of diagrams; this flexibility has been partially restricted in UML 2.0. UML profiles may define additional diagram types or extend existing diagrams with additional notations.diagrams. Structure diagrams emphasize what things must be in the system being modeled:

·Class diagram: the class diagrams describes the structure of a system by showing the system's classes, their attributes, and the relationships.

·Component diagram: depicts how a software system is split up into components and shows the dependencies among these components.

·Composite structure diagram: describes the internal structure of a class and the collaborations that this structure makes possible.

·Deployment diagram: serves to model the hardware used in system implementations, and the execution environments.

·Object diagram: shows a complete or partial view of the structure of a modeled system at a specific time.

·Package diagram: depicts how a system is split up into logical groupings by showing the dependencies among these groupings.

·Profile diagram: operates at the metamodel level to show stereotypes as classes with the <<stereotype>> stereotype, and profiles as packages with the <<profile>> stereotype.diagrams. Behavior diagrams emphasize what must happen in the system being modeled:

·Activity diagram: represents the business and operational step-by-step workflows of components in a system. An activity diagram shows the overall flow of control.

·State machine diagram: standardized notation to describe many systems, from computer programs to business processes.

·Use case diagram: shows the functionality provided by a system in terms of actors, their goals represented as use cases, and any dependencies among those use cases.diagrams. Interaction diagrams, a subset of behaviour diagrams, emphasize the flow of control and data among the things in the modeling system:

·Communication diagram: shows the interactions between objects or parts in terms of sequenced messages.

·Interaction overview diagram: are types of activity diagram in which the nodes represent interaction diagrams.

·Sequence diagram: shows how objects communicate with each other in terms of a sequence of messages.

·Timing diagrams: are a specific type of interaction diagram, where the focus is on timing constraints.the module Log of demand manager of logistics carries out following functions (Fig.5 ):


5. Use case diagram


üCreation and management of the demand;

üReview of the demand history

üDemand search

üReview of the personal accounts reference«Creation and management of the demand» is the most general, expanded problem in relation to another. To carry out all other operations, first of all, it is necessary to create the demand and to work it. The simple scheme of work with the demand in case of its successful end looks thus:


6. Activity diagram

In figure 7 the sequence diagram for successful working off of the demand is presented.


Figure7. Sequence diagram for successful demand working off.

it is the simplified scheme which is developed to understand process of work with the demand.operations with the demand are supposed some more, the work scheme is presented by the diagram of demands management (Fig. 8). Using the diagram of demands management it is possible to track easily, what new actions can be carried out after this or that operation. For example, after demand creation following actions are possible: sorting on a route, carrying over by date, updating of requisites, refusal of the demand. sort by buses, the transfer of routing updates by date and time, the rejection of a particular route or bus. After each of these operations the demand status varies and other operations or the same according to the status are possible.

8. State diagram

enterprise, carrying out the activity, for reception of production from suppliers should conclude with the last the contract on production delivery. Usually on production with the same name the enterprise-customer concludes some contracts with the enterprises-suppliers. Then the customer in process of requirement for certain production sends to the supplier the demand for delivery of production and receives from the last the invoice in which the name of production and its cost price is specified. On the basis of these accounts the enterprise-customer defines the optimum demand and sends to the supplier the order for production delivery. After reception of ordered production the customer sends the account in accounts department which pays it in bank in a current of the term provided by the contract.sequence diagram of this task:

Figure 9.Sequence diagram.


.3 Physical design of the program application


.3.1 JavaScriptis one of the most simple, versatile and effective languages used to extend functionality in websites. Uses range from on screen visual effects to processing and calculating data on web pages with ease as well as extended functionality to websites using third party scripts among several other handy features, however it also possesses some negative effects that might make you want to think twice before implementing Javascript on your website.may be considered a derivative of the programming language Java. But while both are tools for providing interactivty into web pages, they are as different as bananas and papayas.

Java is a complex programming environment where you create packaged ("compiled") software applications that you can insert into a web page. The learning curve for Java is monumental at best (despite claims of the expanding number of software tools). On the other hand, JavaScript offers a simpler set of programming instructions that you can enter directly among the HTML formatting of your web pages, and code that can be easily accessed and modified.JavaScript, to create interactive forms (web pages with fields, buttons, and menus) you needed to write computer programs ("CGI" scripts) that resided on and ran from a web server. But with JavaScript, you can perform many form tasks without connecting to a web server. In the jargon, we are processing on the "client-side".better, JavaScript allows you to create content that is dynamic, so that the code inside one web page can produce many different types of displays and features depending on the viewer's actions, including the images that change when you move the mouse over a graphic.should note that while JavaScript is much simpler than Java, it is quite a step up from formatting HTML. It might scare you off when you see what JavaScript code looks like! The scripts we will show you are clearly documented, and we will tell you exactly how to alter the contents of the JavaScript code.combined with the absolute screen positioning available in web browsers that support HTML 4.0 provide what is known as Dynamic HTML, or DHTMLof JavaScript:

·Javascript is executed on the client side

·This means that the code is executed on the user's processor instead of the web server thus saving bandwidth and strain on the web server.

·Javascript is a relatively easy language

·The Javascript language is relatively easy to learn and comprises of syntax that is close to English. It uses the DOM model that provides plenty of prewritten functionality to the various objects on pages making it a breeze to develop a script to solve a custom purpose.

·Javascript is relatively fast to the end user

·As the code is executed on the user's computer, results and processing is completed almost instantly depending on the task (tasks in javascript on web pages are usually simple so as to prevent being a memory hog) as it does not need to be processed in the site's web server and sent back to the user consuming local as well as server bandwidth.

·Extended functionality to web pages

·Third party add-ons like Greasemonkey enable Javascript developers to write snippets of Javascript which can execute on desired web pages to extend its functionality. If you use a website and require a certain feature to be included, you can write it yourself and use an add-on like Greasemonkey to implement it on the web page.


.3.2 CSSwas first developed in 1997, as a way for Web developers to define the look and feel of their Web pages. It was intended to allow developers to separate content from design so that HTML could perform more of the function that it was originally based on - the markup of content, without worry about the design and layout.didn't gain in popularity until around 2000, when Web browsers began using more than the basic font and color aspects of CSS. And now, all modern browsers support all of CSS Level 1, most of CSS Level 2, and some aspects of CSS Level 3.Designers that don't use CSS for their design and development of Web sites are rapidly becoming a thing of the past. And it is arguably as important to understand CSS as it is to know HTML - and some would say it was more important to know CSS.is an Abbreviationstands for Cascading Style Sheet.sheet refers to the document itself. Style sheets have been used for document design for years. They are the technical specifications for a layout, whether print or online. Print designers use style sheets to insure that their designs are printed exactly to specifications. A style sheet for a Web page serves the same purpose, but with the added functionality of also telling the viewing engine (the Web browser) how to render the document being viewed.is the special part. A Web style sheet is intended to cascade through a series of style sheets, like a river over a waterfall. The water in the river hits all the rocks in the waterfall, but only the ones at the bottom affect exactly where the water will flow. The same is true of the cascade in Web style sheets.Web page is affected by at least one style sheet, even if the Web designer doesn't apply any styles. This style sheet is the user agent style sheet - the default styles that the Web browser will use to display a page if no other instructions are provided. But if the designer provides other instructions, the browser needs to know which instructions have precedence.example, in my Web browser, the default font is "Times New Roman" size 16. But nearly no pages I visit display in that font family and size. This is because the cascade defines the second style sheets set by the designers to redefine the font size and family and override my Web browser's defaults.is used to style Web pages. But there is more to it than that. CSS is used to style XHTML and XML markup. This means that anywhere you have XML markup (including XHTML) you can use CSS to define how it will look.is also used to define how Web pages should look when viewed in other media than a Web browser. For example, you can create a print style sheet that will define how the Web page should print out and another style sheet to display the Web page on a projector for a slide show.is one of the most powerful tools a Web designer can learn because with it you can affect the entire mood and tone of a Web site. Well written style sheets can be updated quickly and allow sites to change what is prioritized or valued without any changes to the underlying XHTML.challenge of CSS is that there is so much to learn. But it doesn't seem like it. After all, there are only around 60 properties in CSS Level 1 and around 70 in CSS Level 2. Compared with the number of HTML tags and attributes to learn, that can feel like a cake walk.because CSS can cascade, and combine and browsers interpret the directives differently, CSS is more difficult than plain HTML. But once you start using it, you'll see that harnessing the power of CSS will give you more options and allow you to do more and more things with your Web sites.


.3.3 HTMLMarkup Language (HTML) is the main markup language for web pages. HTML elements are the basic building-blocks of webpages.is written in the form of HTML elements consisting of tags enclosed in angle brackets (like <html>), within the web page content. HTML tags most commonly come in pairs like <h1> and </h1>, although some tags, known as empty elements, are unpaired, for example <img>. The first tag in a pair is the start tag, the second tag is the end tag (they are also called opening tags and closing tags). In between these tags web designers can add text, tags, comments and other types of text-based content.purpose of a web browser is to read HTML documents and compose them into visible or audible web pages. The browser does not display the HTML tags, but uses the tags to interpret the content of the page.elements form the building blocks of all websites. HTML allows images and objects to be embedded and can be used to create interactive forms. It provides a means to create structured documents by denoting structural semantics for text such as headings, paragraphs, lists, links, quotes and other items. It can embed scripts in languages such as JavaScript which affect the behavior of HTML webpages.browsers can also refer to Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) to define the appearance and layout of text and other material. The W3C, maintainer of both the HTML and the CSS standards, encourages the use of CSS over explicitly presentational HTML markup.first publicly available description of HTML was a document called "HTML Tags", first mentioned on the Internet by Berners-Lee in late 1991. It describes 18 elements comprising the initial, relatively simple design of HTML. Except for the hyperlink tag, these were strongly influenced by SGMLguid, an in-house SGML based documentation format at CERN. Eleven of these elements still exist in HTML 4.markup language is a markup language that web browsers use to interpret and compose text, images and other material into visual or audible web pages. Default characteristics for every item of HTML markup are defined in the browser, and these characteristics can be altered or enhanced by the web page designer's additional use of CSS. Many of the text elements are found in the 1988 ISO technical report TR 9537 Techniques for using SGML, which in turn covers the features of early text formatting languages such as that used by the RUNOFF command developed in the early 1960s for the CTSS (Compatible Time-Sharing System) operating system: these formatting commands were derived from the commands used by typesetters to manually format documents. However, the SGML concept of generalized markup is based on elements (nested annotated ranges with attributes) rather than merely print effects, with also the separation of structure and processing; HTML has been progressively moved in this direction with CSS.Lee considered HTML to be an application of SGML. It was formally defined as such by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) with the mid-1993 publication of the first proposal for an HTML specification: "Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)" Internet-Draft by Berners-Lee and Dan Connolly, which included an SGML Document Type Definition to define the grammar.[8] The draft expired after six months, but was notable for its acknowledgement of the NCSA Mosaic browser's custom tag for embedding in-line images, reflecting the IETF's philosophy of basing standards on successful prototypes.[9] Similarly, Dave Raggett's competing Internet-Draft, "HTML+ (Hypertext Markup Format)", from late 1993, suggested standardizing already-implemented features like tables and fill-out forms.[10]the HTML and HTML+ drafts expired in early 1994, the IETF created an HTML Working Group, which in 1995 completed "HTML 2.0", the first HTML specification intended to be treated as a standard against which future implementations should be based.[9] Published as Request for Comments 1866, HTML 2.0 included ideas from the HTML and HTML+ drafts.[11] The 2.0 designation was intended to distinguish the new edition from previous drafts.[12]development under the auspices of the IETF was stalled by competing interests. Since 1996, the HTML specifications have been maintained, with input from commercial software vendors, by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).[13] However, in 2000, HTML also became an international standard (ISO/IEC 15445:2000). HTML 4.01 was published in late 1999, with further errata published through 2001. In 2004 development began on HTML5 in the Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group (WHATWG), which became a joint deliverable with the W3C in 2008.

3. Technological Section

part describes the demo version of a software application, as the thesis is one part of a larger project that is currently in development. It also describes the development of application software and its use.main advantages of the program, that it is possible to see movement in real time. Works in Online mode, so users have accurate information. The main type of interface is shown on figure 10:


10. The passage of buses along the route.

mentioned in the first part of software application designed for three types of users.greatest privileges are of administrators. They are the system administrators of the company. To add a new route in the program must know specify all the coordinates of the corners of stops and turns. In the program, as shown on figure 11, using the right mouse button you can find the coordinates of a point.

11. The coordinates of points on the map


where the first digit is the longitude and the second width of the coordinates. So the administrator can see all the coordinates needed to add a new route. And all the coordinates are stored in arrays. Since the program is written in JavaScript, for easy implementation of software applications using arrays. An array is a set of values identified by the index. Usually, the array is allocated contiguous chunk of memory of a given length. In JavaScript, this is not true. Arrays in JavaScript is a simple object with a unique designer and an additional set of properties and methods inherited from Array.prototype. Because of this performance will be slightly worse, but this is offset by ease of use and powerful set of tools. In contrast to the array in other programming languages, JavaScript arrays are very easy to use. The array can contain any object or an elementary type. Several types of data can simultaneously be in the same array. Javascript supports two types of structure "array":

·An associative array (hash), where data is stored in an arbitrary key.

·Numeric array Array, where data is stored by number.- a very flexible language, so technically in Array can store arbitrary keys as in Object.of the use of arrays that you can specify the length of the array during its creation. But since JavaScript does not require pre-allocate memory for arrays and their length can be changed at any time, it is debatable advantage. The array can contain any object or an elementary type. Several types of data can simultaneously be in the same array.unique properties of the array: The most important property of the array - length. In other words, it is calculated as: (a numerical value of the last index) 1. Arrays are not bounded above in length. You can add an element whose index is greater than (length - 1) and the length property is changed according to the definition above. So no matter how much we did not specify the coordinates in the program, we will still succeed in adding a new route.is also a managers who watch over the correct passage of the bus route. They sit at their computers and can see any bus which is currently at work. Since the program is written in JavaScript, for easy implementation of application software using the drop-down lists, how you can see on the figure 12.


12. The maps of bus route

drivers can only see their own individual screen, as shown on figure 13.

Figure 13. Drivers windowthe of the program are two buses, as shown in figure 14:

- green bus that moves on a programmed route and time. This bus is the simulation, which shows the bus driver how to drive, and with it the driver can focus on time and on the road. There's also a red bus as shown in figure 15:

- this sign shows the location of the bus with the help of a real bus JPS navigator. Also on the program of the whole picture can be seen in satellite mode, more simulation are given in Appendix A.graphical interface window design shown on Appendix A.


4. Economical analysis

shows that because of the irrational planned routes and lack of control the location of transport companies transport costs are increased by 20-40%. Inefficient logistics management results in excessive mileage and fuel consumption, less than optimal use of fleet vehicles and simplenon-compliance with the conditions of transport drivers.

1 - Input data

№ п\пIndicatorSymbolsThe value of the indicatorPassenger transport1Mark PS-2The average number of cars, ed.Asp116 3 First Classlcр1 lcр2 lcр3 lcр44Second-classlеp6,995Third-classtenge9,006Fourth-class?b0,667The average length of haul, thousands of miles?0,488Graduation rate of cars on the lineYQ1 YQ2 YQ3 YQ49Ratio of runYn0,5610The distribution volume of cargo in a Class-X% of the total traffic?cm2,9311First ClassVI22,542 - Technical data buses

The number of seats at peak times67Kerb weight, kg6850Gross vehicle weight, kg11610Turning radius, m along the axis of the outer front wheel track the outer marker 8,5 9,6Maximum speed, km / h80The filling volume of150

The production program of shuttle busaverage daily mileage per bus km

сс = VI · tenge;

сс = 9,00 · 22,54 = 202,9 kmaverage number of flights on the route of a bus for a day:

= VI · tenge · ?/ lep · ?cm;

= 22,54 · 9,00 · 0,48/ 6,99 · 2,93 = 5.of passengers carried per day a bus, pass:


Qday = q · ?n · ?cm · Zp = q · ?n · VI · tenge · ?/ lep;

= 67 · 0,56 · 22,54 · 9,00 · 0,48/ 6,99 = 523 pass.

Passenger bus for one day, pass-km


Pday = Qday lep = q · ?n · VI · tenge · ?;

= 523 · 6,99 = 3656 pass-kmproduction program for a year around the bus depotof flights buses per year, ed.

= ADE Z;= 30 485 3 = 91 455;= 27,944 5 = 139 720.with passengers km

(pass) = Lobsch ?;

(pass) a = 4472149,5 0,90 = 4024934,6 km;(pass) 2 = 5669837,6 0,48 = 2721522,1 kmvolume of passenger transportation, t (pass)

= ADE Qsut;

= 30 485 402 402 13,2 = t;= 27,944 523 = 14,614,712 passengers.

The calculation results are summarized in the table:

3 - Indicators of transport company for the year

Name of indicatorsValueRoute of bus124Ratio of run-0,48Time to workh9,00The idle time for loading and unloading of haulhAverage schedule speedKm/hOperating speedKm/h22,54Carrying capacity (total capacity) of the bust pass 67Bus-days inb-d27944Vehicle-hours of workb-h251496The number of rider with cargo flight CoachBal.5The total mileageKm5669837,6passenger turnoverpass-km101066464, t km (pass-km)= ADE Psut;

= 30,485 548,6 = 16,724,071 t km;= 27 944 = 3656 101 066 464 pass-km

Determining the cost of transportationof transport is the cost of the enterprise in terms of money transport unit to perform the work and is determined by dividing the sum of costs of the enterprise for a period of time to operate the car park, performed during this period the transport operation. The transport work is calculated depending on the type of transport in ton-kilometers, pass-km. Cost of transport is determined by the formula:


costs of rolling stock are divided into variable and fixed. For variable costs include costs for fuel, lubricants, wear and tear on the restoration and repair of tires, maintenance and repair of rolling stock, the depreciation on the full recovery. By the constant expenses include expenses for salaries of drivers overhead.costscosts are determined by multiplying the standard cost of 1 km run on an annual mileage of cars.fuel costs for 1 km, tenge / km, determined by the formula:


l

q - standard fuel consumption of 1 km, l;- the price of a liter of fuel, tenge

Сt1 = 0,31 · 20,00 = 6,2 tenge/km

Сt2 = 0,43 · 16,00 = 6,88 tenge/km.fuel consumption by 1 km, l, for on-board vehicles is given by:


the CCM - the rate of fuel consumption per 100 km, l;- an additional rate of fuel consumption per 100 km, liter;

.05 - coefficient taking into account the increase in fuel consumption in winter conditions and input needs.= 1,05 (25/100 + 1.3 / 8 100 0,52 0,9) = 0,31 l / kmfuel consumption by 1 km, L, for the buses is given by:= 1,05 41/100 = 0.43 liters / kmcosts for lubricants, tenge / km, determined by the formula:


Nm - the engine oil consumption rate per 100 liters of fuel, l;- transmission oil consumption rate per 100 liters of fuel, l;- normal flow of grease per 100 liters of fuel, kg;, the MDGs, the Central Committee - respectively, the price of 1 liter of engine oil, transmission oil and 1 kg of grease, tenge.= 0,31 (3,2 / 100 + 0.4 100/100 + 0.3 180/100 220) = 1,42 tenge / km= 0,43 (2,4 / 100 + 0.3 100/100 + 0.2 180/100 220) = 1,45 tenge / kmcost of restoration and repair of tire wear on the 1 km, tenge / km, is given by:

Hm - normal cost for 1000 kilometers,%;- the price of one set of tires, tenge.;- the number of wheels (without reserve) on the car.= 0,89 2500 10/100 1000 = 0,22 tenge / km= 0,91 2500 6/100 1000 = 0,14 tenge / kmcosts of maintenance and repair of motor vehicles operating at 1 km, tenge / km, determined by the formula:


the Sts and ts - normal maintenance costs and operational car repairs for 1000 kilometers, tenge.= 725.4 / 1000 = 0,73 tenge / km= 603.8 / 1000 = 0,6 tenge / kmrate of costs to be determined taking into account the mode of the vehicle (with trailer, semitrailer, a single vehicle), operating conditions.

Fixed costs

Fixed costs are determined by multiplying vehicle-hours AChe the costs of salaries and overhead costs attributable to 1 hour.cost of wages of drivers falling for one hour, made up of basic salary Zosn, which includes the salary at the rate of Sm, allowances for proficiency Zkl, premiums from the payroll ANW, surcharges for freight Zeksp, additional wages Zdop, charges for social Insurance Zsots, tenge / hcosts of wages are determined by the formula:


= 163,5 10,55 57,23 40,88 27,2 = 299,36 tenge / h= 30,6 2,1 13,77 4,65 = 51,12 tenge / hrates per ton of Art and per ton-kilometer Stkm defined by the regulations in accordance with the type and capacity of the vehicle, the type of goods, way to perform loading and unloading operations, the operating conditions of the rolling stock, taking into account correction factors at work vehicle with a trailer or load in both directions .drivers' wages at a rate equal to the hourly wage rate:

= Gv,

Cq - hourly wage rate of class 2 drivers, tenge= 7700/9 7 4 = 30,6 tenge / hallowance, tenge / h for truck drivers is determined by the formula:Cq - hourly wage rate of Class 3 driver, tenge / h;, N2 - the proportion of drivers class 1 and 2, is determined by the student themselves.= (16875/10 6 4) (0,25 0,5 0,1 0,25) = 70,3 0,15 = 10,55 tenge / h(tenge / h) are determined estimates of production costs. To simplify the calculations, average hourly overhead costs on a car you can use the standards costs a bus that emerged in the practice of trucking companies.overhead for a bus, tenge / h, are determined by the formula:


,

commercial vehicles:

= 508 144/304850 = 0,24 tenge.:= 380 116/251496 = 0,18 tenge., the total fixed cost for the bus:


= 71,24 251,496 = 17,916,575 tenge.are determined by dividing the income tenge cost tenge for each item of income.

'per = Cper Lobsch / A'post Cpost ANC / DA

total cost for each brand of vehicle is defined as the sum of the calculated components, tenge / tkm (tenge / pass-km), according to the formula:


calculation results are reduced costs in Table 4.

the cost of transportation4

Items of expenditureExpenses bu busBus10 pass-km, tengeIncom, tenge%Variable costs, total:Fuel6,883,80,3354,5Lubricants and maintenance materials1,450,80,0711,48Depreciation and repair of tires0,140,080,0071,14TO and exp. PC repair0,60,330,034,7Depreciation on the full restoration of Fixed costs, total:0,30,17 0,0152,4Fixed expenses, total:earn card drivers with charges51,121,30,1118,72Charges for social insurance19,940,490,047Overhead0,180,0040,00040,06Total:80,616,970,6100represent the amount of cash payments made for the transport company they transport and other services

To determine income for the transportation work should choose the kinds of tariffs for cargo transportation vehicles designed transport company, to justify their choice of /, 10 /distribution the total cargo transported in groups, in line with that, what kind of transportation tariffs will be implemented. Results distribution traffic volumes are reduced by group in Table. 5, 6, and proceeds are used to determine D.tariff for the transportation of one ton of cargo i-th class now.average revenue rate (tenge/10 tkm, tenge/10 pass-km) is determined by dividing the amount of gross income for the transport operation D on annual turnover or a passenger:= 116 917 696 ? 10/101066464 = 11.57 tenge/10 pass-k

5 Determination of income and an exceptional piece-rates

Average haul cargotransport kmThe amount of gross income, now145,4828980000224,9025695600321,2226045400450,89113400000Total:142,49194121000logistics system informational

Revenues for the transportation of passengers in urban and suburban transportation (USD) are determined by multiplying the tariff for the carriage of a passenger on the number of passengers:


D - the tariff for the carriage of a passenger in a city:- volume of passenger traffic, pass.= 14,614,712 116, tenge.balance sheet profit, tenge:


the P- profit from doing traffic now.;from other types of business, now:

bus: Pb = lim = 46474371 tenge.

5.Labor protection and health safety

section is written with a view of the law of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the health and safety of the February 28, 2004 y., 528-II ЗРК, labor law in the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 10.12.99, 493-I, the law on fire safety on 22.11.96, the law on industrial safety at hazardous production facilities of 03.04.02 314- II ЗРК [18-21].at work - the state of working conditions under which the possible impact on the working of harmful factors.Protection - a system to preserve the life and health of employees in the course of employment, which includes the legal, socio-economic and organizational - technical, sanitary, medical and preventive treatment, rehabilitation and other measures.problem of labor protection is to minimize the risk of infestation or disease running at the same time providing comfort with maximum productivity.law of the Labor Protection reflects the following rules and regulations: rules for organizations from enterprises, regulations on accident prevention and health regulations, rules that ensure the protection of individual workers from occupational diseases, rules and regulations of the special protection of women, youth and persons with reduced working capacity; law, which provides for liability for violation of legislation on labor protection.healthy and safe working conditions imposed on the administration of the enterprise. Administration of the enterprise is obliged to introduce modern means of safety to ensure sanitary conditions and prevent occupational diseases of workers.aims of accident prevention AGB imposes on the administration of the company following functions: briefing on accident prevention, industrial hygiene and fire safety.are several types of instruction: introductory, primary in the workplace, secondary, unplanned, current. Induction training required to pass all newly arriving at the company, as well as seconded person. Primary workplace conducted with all who joined. Secondary - not less than six months. His goal - restoring the memory of the working rules for accident prevention, as well as parsing of specific violations.accident prevention done when a change process, rules of labor protection or the introduction of new technology.instruction is carried out by employees before work which is made the admission in the outfit.is also necessary in offices in designated places to hang out stands with the rules of accident prevention instructions.

Safety requirements of workspace

Building (construction), which posted the jobs on the constitution must be consistent with their functional purpose and requirements of occupational health and safety. Working equipment must meet safety standards established for this type of equipment, have appropriate warning signs and provided with guards or protective devices to ensure safety of employees in the workplace. Emergency routes and exits of employees from the premises must be left open and display the open air or in the safe zone. Hazardous areas must be clearly marked. If the jobs are located in hazardous areas, which due to the nature of the risk to the employee or falling objects, such places should be equipped with devices as possible, barring access to these areas to outsiders. Pedestrians on the territory of the organization and technology, vehicles must travel in a safe environment. Workers should have the means of individual protection for work in hazardous industrial facilities (stations), including height, ground conditions, the open cells on the shelf seas and inland waters. During working hours, temperature, natural and artificial lighting and ventilation in the room where the jobs are located, must comply with safe working conditions. Employees are allowed to work in hazardous conditions (dust, fumes and other factors) after providing the employer safe working conditions.conditions (or climate) in the production are determined by the following parameters: air temperature, relative humidity, air velocity and pressure. However, on human health is strongly influenced by pressure differences. The quantity of heat Q by the human body depends on the degree of stress in certain circumstances and may range from 80 J / s (at rest) to 500 J / s (hard work).environmental impact of heat convection and radiation is terminated. With decreasing Environment blood vessels narrow and blood flow to the surface of the body slows down and the heat transfer decreases. At high temperatures, room air blood vessels dilate°Humidity affects the body's thermoregulation: high humidity (over 85%) makes it difficult to regulate its temperature by reducing the evaporation of sweat, and too low (less than 20%) - causes drying of the mucous membrane solid resulting in increased blood flow to the body surface and heat transfer in the environment grows. The optimum value of moisture content of 40-60%. Air movement has a big impact on well-being. In winter, the air velocity should not exceed 0,2-0,5 m / s, and in summer - 0,2-1 m / sec. The velocity of the air may have an adverse impact on the spread of harmful substances.

Requirements for the microclimatic conditions

Under optimum microclimatic parameters are taken to mean that during long-term and systemic effects in humans ensure the preservation of normal function and the thermal state of the body without the stress reactions of thermoregulation, create a feeling of thermal comfort and are a prerequisite for a high level of performance. To create an optimal microclimatic conditions should take into account the temperature, relative humidity and air velocity.6 lists according to СНиП РК 4.02-05-2001 "Heating, ventilation and air conditioning" values of the parameters of the microclimate, which create a comfortable working environment.desired composition of the air can be achieved by performing the following activities:

) The application of technological processes and equipment, excluding the formation of harmful substances. Of great importance is sealing equipment, which contains harmful substances;

) Protection of sources of thermal radiation;

) The device heating and ventilation;

) The use of personal protective equipment.


Table 6 - Microclimate parameters

PeriodMicroclimate parameterValueColdRoom temperature22…24 °СRelative humidity40…60 %The velocity of airдо 0,1 mpsWarmRoom temperature23…25 °СRelative humidity40…60 %The velocity of air0,1…0,2 mps

Classification of ventilation systems

The objective of ventilation is to provide cleaner air in the given weather conditions. By way of moving air ventilation is natural and mechanical.ventilation system should not create noise in the workplace. It must be electric and non-hazardous.ventilation. Ventilation with natural ventilation is due to the temperature difference between air inside and outside, which causes flow of cold air into the room. With the dried up part of the building creates a low pressure, so that is extract warm air pollution from the premises. On the windward side of the building creates excessive pressure, resulting in the fresh air enters the room. Natural ventilation can be organized and disorganized. Unorganized ventilation is through leaks windows, air vents and special openings. Organized is maintained through natural ventilation and aeration vents.conditioning. Air-conditioning - automatic maintenance of the premises, regardless of external conditions of temperature, humidity, cleanliness and air velocity. Air conditioning is used to create the necessary sanitation facilities.
Air Conditioning - air handling unit, which with the help of instruments of auto regulation maintains indoor air quality parameters which are defined.precipitators. Used for air purification from dust and mist.
For medium and fine air filters are used, in which dust-laden air is passed through a porous filter material. Deposition of solid and fatty particles on filter elements occurs through contact with the surface of the particle pores. The mechanism of particle deposition, caused by the action of inertial forces, gravitational forces, the Brownian diffusion of gases and the effect of touch. As the filter material fabric, felt, paper, steel wool, porous ceramics and porous metals are used. Requirements for noise and vibration levels Noise affects the working conditions, providing harmful effect on the human body. The permissible levels of sound pressure, sound level and equivalent sound levels in the workplace must meet the requirements of СНиП II-12-77 "Protection against noise". Table 7 are limiting sound levels depending on the category of severity and intensity of work, are safe for health maintenance and performance.noise level in the workplace mathematicians, programmers and operators of video should not exceed 50dB, and in the halls of processing on computers to 65dB.

7 - Maximum sound levels in dB in the workplace

Category of labor intensityCategory of labor severityI. LowII. MediumIII. HighIV. Very highI. Low stressful80807575II. Medium stressful70706565II. Stressful6060--III. Very stressful5050--

Lighting

When light industrial buildings use natural light, artificial, carried out bulbs and combined. Natural light is divided into a lateral (through windows), upper (via aeration lights, ceiling openings), combined.light can be of two kinds: general and combined. General lighting is even without taking into account the location of the object and the total localized taking into account the location of jobs. Application of a local lighting inside the building is not allowed. For administrative and storage facilities can be used for general lighting system. By their functional artificial lighting divided: business, emergency, evacuation, safety and rescue.for industrial lighting. The main task lighting is to create the best conditions for the review of the object. This problem can be solved by the lighting system that meets the following requirements:

) The illumination shall conform to the visual work, which is determined by the following parameters:

) The need to ensure uniform brightness distribution of the working surface, as well as within the surrounding area;

) In the field of view, there should be no direct or reflected on sparkle. Sparkle - increased brightness of the illuminated surface;

) The value of illumination should be constant over time. This is achieved using stabilizing devices;

) To select the optimal orientation of the light flux;

) Is necessary to choose the spectral composition of light;

) All the elements of lighting installations, step-down transformers, must be durable, and power-, explosion- and fireproof.of artificial lighting. The existing industrial lighting standards are defined as quantitative (minimum light), and qualitative characteristics (glare, ripple depth). Value of the minimum illumination is set by the characteristics of visual work, which define the smallest object size differences, the contrast of the object with the background and characteristics of the background. Distinguish between 8 bit and 4 subclass of work depending on eyestrain.of natural light. Natural light is characterized by the fact that the emerging light varies widely, depending on time of year, day, and weather conditions. Therefore, natural lighting can not be defined quantitatively. As a normalized value for natural lighting using daylight factor (RED), which represents the ratio of light at a given point inside the building to the value of outdoor lighting, light produced by a fully open the skies. Normalized values ??of this coefficient are determined by the table with regard to the nature of visual work, lighting systems, and the area of?the object. In addition to quantitative indicators KEO use qualitative indicator - the unevenness of natural light.

Protection from electromagnetic microwave radiation

When you use the computer, around some of its parts creates an electromagnetic field that creates the effect of microwaves, negatively acting on any living organisms. Millimeter waves are absorbed by the surface layers of human skin, centimeter - the skin and the adjacent tissues, UHF - penetrate to a depth of 10 cm. That is, electromagnetic waves can pass right through a person. And it is not so harmless. The electromagnetic field affects human cells and tissues, leading to violations of conditioned reflex activity, reduce brain bioelectrical activity and changes in inter-neuronal connections. Usually this is manifested by headache, fatigue, deteriorating health, hypotension, changes in the conductivity of the heart muscle.the person, the electromagnetic field increases the temperature of his body, which leads to the selective heating of tissues and organs. The most vulnerable in this case, the following organs of the human body: the liver, pancreas, bladder, stomach. Their heat can easily exacerbate chronic illnesses (ulcers, bleeding, and perforation).improve safety when working at a computer must first of all draw attention to the elaboration of an ergonomic workplace. And buying an ergonomic keyboard can not do. To improve the ergonomics of the workplace must take the following steps.the monitor so that its top spot was right before your eyes, or above, which will keep your head straight, and eliminate the development of cervical degenerative disc disease. The distance from the monitor to eye must be at least 45 cm.of respiratory diseases include wet cleaning and airing the room. Nice place near the computer's aquarium, it will increase the humidity, to the same fish calms the nerves.mitigate the effects of electromagnetic fields, to reduce air deionization, the violation of air supply balance in a room with a computer air ionizer. Ions beneficial effects on people: improving mental and physical condition, increased disease resistance, reduced the number of bacteria in indoor air is cleared of suspended particulates, attenuated the effect caused by static electricity.

Guidance of workers on occupational health and safety

Training, coaching, validation of knowledge workers on occupational health and safety held by the employer at their own expense. The order and timing of training, coaching and testing of knowledge on safety and health of workers shall be determined by state labour body in coordination with other competent government authorities of the respective spheres of activity. Persons recruited to work on a mandatory basis are organized by the employer prior training with the subsequent conduct of mandatory testing of knowledge on health and safety. Employees who have not passed the preliminary training, guidance and validation of knowledge on health and safety, the work is not allowed. Executives and individuals, industrial organizations, responsible for ensuring the health and safety, periodically, at least once every three years, must undergo training and examination for the occupational health and safety training courses in their respective educational institutions.

In conclusion, labor employment rights takes place in a particular work environment, which for non-compliance with hygiene requirements may adversely affect to performance and health.

Conclusion

effectiveness of the activity of logistic companies is defined by the quality of control systems and essentially influences the operation of chains and networks of deliveries both at the corporate and state levels, determining, as a whole, the state of the economy of the country under the conditions of the active market - the market for user. An example of a technologically developed Western countries shows that the development of logistics activities has been an important catalyst for economic growth of companies improve their competitiveness and an essential precondition for their economic well-being.maintenance of effective functioning of the logistical companies it is necessary to use modern management methods, to improve coordination processes in logistical chains, and also to develop and introduce the front lines informationtechnologies providing support of all key managerial processes by the logistical company and its integration with partners in process of logistics.purpose of this study was to make better transportation, automation of logistics operations in depots associated with the control of the route and time.to a research objective of the diploma project following problems have been put and carried out:

defined the role of the logistical companies in process of logistics;

defined the role, a place and problems of information systems in logistical activity;

offered classification of systems of complex automation of management by the companies from logistics positions;

offered the order of a choice of the most effective way to automate the management of a logistics company based on the analysis of business processes, information systems;

Developed a demo version of a software application for bus fleets, which enables the following items:

·monitored in real-time bus route

·Automates controllers at bus stopssubject of research is organizational processes in the field of information business management logistics companies in the methodologies of information management in logistics.object of the study are the existing systems of resources and commercial potential of logistics companies.theoretical basis of research diploma project were the works of local and foreign researchers on the theory and practice of management in logistics and automation of logistics activities.main results obtained in the diploma and constitute the scientific novelty of the study include the following:

The requirements for the structure and functionality of modern logistics information systems allowing for the business organization;

Developed a procedure for choosing the most effective way to automate the management of a logistics company based on the analysis of business processes, information systems.applications developed in this project can be applied to the transport companies to improve resource efficiency and reduce costs.value of results of work consists in opening possibility of practical use of methods and recommendations about development of information systems in logistics. Usage of the developed principles, classifications, and techniques will promote increase of efficiency of control systems in the logistical companies.

Bibliography


1.Alesinskaya T.V. Fundamentals of Logistics - Taganrog M.: TRTU, 2005. - 24p.

2.Wallenburg C., Cahill D., Michael Knemeyer A., and Goldsby, T., Commitment and Trust as Drivers of Loyalty in Logistics Outsourcing Relationships. M.: Cultural, 2011. -p.:211-256

3.John T. Phelan, Jr. P.E. "Guest Column: Knowing When a WMS or WCS Is Right for Your Company" <#"justify">4.Lun, Yuen Ha, Lai, Kee Hung, Cheng, Tai Chiu Edwin, Shipping and Transport Logistics, by McGraw-Hill, 2010 4th edition, - 356 p.

5.Grady Booch, James Rumbaugh, Ivar Jacobson. Unified Modeling Language User Guide , 2nd Edition. Addison-Wesley Professional, 2005.

6.Guidance on the design of the diploma for the specialty 5B070400 "Computers technologies and Software, SC KBTU, 2008.

7.Journal of Business Logistics , 2008, olume: 29, Issue: 1, Publisher: Council of Logistics Management, - p.: 113-132

8.Pan American Health Journal , 2005, Volume: 44, Publisher: Prentice Hall, p.: 1-30

9.Maklakov S.V. Cretion of information systems with All Fusing Modeling Suite. - M.: Dialog- MIFI, 2003.

10.Naizabayeva L.. Use of CASE-technology and provision of SQL-data security for special transportation management (IJCNS) International Journal of Computer and Network Security, Vol. 1, No.3, December 2009. Austria, Vienna pp. 24-28.

.Naizabayeva L. Information System Modeling to Control Transport Operations Process. Proceedings of the International MultiConference of Engineers and Computer Scientists (IMECS 2009), 18-20 March, 2009, Hong Kong, рр.1813-1816.

12.Stefan Klein. Information Logistics. EM - Electronic Markets/ № 9-10/October 93.

13.Sarkisov S.V. International logistics system in the context of globalization. Moscow, Global economy, 2008.

14.Leenders, M.R., Purchasing and Materials Management, 10th Ed., McGraw Hill, 1992 (ISBN 0256103348).

.Pooler, V.H. and D. Pooler, Purchasing and Supply Management: Creating the Vision, Chapman & Hall, 1997 (ISBN 0412106019).

16.Robert Nyman, -Getters And Setters With JavaScript Code Samples And Demos <#"justify">Appendix A

Interface Design

main window


Route of bus number 105

down list for choosing a route

Dispatchers window


Appendix B

of programm

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<head>

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);marshrut2=new Array (Array (43.27004235874931, 76.9448305426331, 43.267729962600654, 76.94500220401005, 0.00007,5000, 0, 0,43.26419870168524, 76.94543135745243, 0.00005,5000, 0, 0,43.26016718881531, 76.94598925692753, 0.00012,5000, 0, 0,43.25572909078159, 76.94650424105839, 0.00010,5000, 0, 0,43.24844615865364, 76.9474054632874, 0.00010, 43.24235033142816, 76.9483066855164, 0.00010, 43.241975183674825, 76.94238436801152, 0.00012, 43.24147498307702, 76.93380129916386, 0.00010, 5000, 0, 0,43.24084972655469, 76.92740691287236, 0.00005, 43.23875507045111, 76.92775023562626, 0.00010, 43.237004257863056, 76.92783606631474, 0.00012, 43.235847443374816, 76.92830813510136, 0.00010, 43.23394021478361, 76.93066847903447, 0.00010, 5000, 0, 0,43.23184532115129, 76.93358672244267, 0.00010, 5000, 0, 0,43.23112616195815, 76.93435919863896, 0.00010, 43.22931259239837, 76.93191302401738, 0.00010, 5000, 0, 0, 43.22665467744846, 76.92792189700322, 0.00010, 5000, 0, 0,43.22668594770985, 76.92290080172734, 0.00010, 5000, 0, 0,43.22627943306066, 76.91470397097783, 0.00010, 5000, 0, 0,43.225591479016884, 76.90354598147587, 0.00010, 10000, 0, 0),Array (43.25377560004194, 76.94162262065129, 0.000002,5000, 0, 0,43.2528740429324, 76.94174063784794, 0.000002,43.253117259545235, 76.94517520649151, 0.000008,43.25489300441574, 76.9449753819199, 0.000005,43.254623422719604, 76.94150460345463, 0.000010),Array (43.25377560004194, 76.94162262065129, 0.000002,5000, 0, 0,43.2528740429324, 76.94174063784794, 0.000002,43.253117259545235, 76.94517520649151, 0.000008,43.25489300441574, 76.9449753819199, 0.000005,43.254623422719604, 76.94150460345463, 0.000010)

);init(){selectmenu=document.getElementById("mymenu").value;

//alert(marshrut[selectmenu].length);qwe;[0] = marshrut[selectmenu][0];[0] = marshrut[selectmenu][1];[1] = marshrut2[selectmenu][0];[1] = marshrut2[selectmenu][1];(qwe = 2; qwe < marshrut[selectmenu].length-3; qwe++){.push([marshrut[selectmenu][qwe], marshrut[selectmenu][qwe+1], marshrut[selectmenu][qwe+2]]);

}(qwe = 2; qwe < marshrut2[selectmenu].length-3; qwe++){.push([marshrut2[selectmenu][qwe], marshrut2[selectmenu][qwe+1], marshrut2[selectmenu][qwe+2]]);

}myLatlng0 = new google.maps.LatLng(lat[0],lng[0]);myLatlng1 = new google.maps.LatLng(lat[1],lng[1]);myOptions = {: 15,: myLatlng0,: google.maps.MapTypeId.ROADMAP

}= new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById("map_canvas"), myOptions);image0 = '1.png';[0] = new google.maps.Marker({: myLatlng0,: map,:"Bus 1",

icon: image0

});image1 = '2.png';

marker[1] = new google.maps.Marker({: myLatlng1,: map,:"Bus 2",: image1

});(go) {= false;

} else {= true;(0);(1);

}.maps.event.addListener(map, 'rightclick', function(event) {(event.latLng.lat() + ", " + event.latLng.lng());

});

}start(busNo)

{(go) {(busNo == 0) {(counter[busNo] == route1.length) {[busNo] = 0;

}newLat = route1[counter[busNo]][0];newLng = route1[counter[busNo]][1];step = route1[counter[busNo]][2];

} else {(counter[busNo] == route2.length) {[busNo] = 0;

}newLat = route2[counter[busNo]][0];newLng = route2[counter[busNo]][1];step = route2[counter[busNo]][2];

}(step == 0) {[busNo]++;(function(){start(busNo);}, newLat);

} else {y = lat[busNo] - newLat;x = lng[busNo] - newLng;

var sin = y / Math.sqrt(y*y + x*x);cos = x / Math.sqrt(y*y + x*x);

var stepY = sin * step;stepX = cos * step;(function(){((Math.abs(x) > stepX*3)&(Math.abs(y) > stepY*3)) {= newLat;= newLng;[busNo] -= stepY;[busNo] -= stepX;position = new google.maps.LatLng(lat[busNo],lng[busNo]);[busNo].setPosition(position);(busNo);

} else {[busNo]++;(busNo);

}

}, 15);

}

}

}

</script>

</head>

<body >

<select id="mymenu" size="1" onchange='javascript:init();'>

<option value="nothing" selected="selected">choose the route</option>

<option value=0>route #105</option>

<option value=1>route #34</option>

<option value=2>route #16</option>

<option value=2>route #99</option>

<option value=2>route #98</option>

<option value=2>route #105</option>

<option value=2>route #35</option>

<option value=2>route #65</option>

<option value=2>route #100</option>

<option value=2>route #82</option>

<option value=2>route #81</option>

<option value=2>route #48</option>

<option value=2>route #121</option>

<option value=2>route #29</option>

<option value=2>route #31</option>

<option value=2>route #79</option>

</select>

<input type='button' value='stop' onClick="javascript: window.location.reload(true);" id='test_but'>

<div id="map_canvas" style="width:100%; height:100%"><iframe frameborder="0" height="100%" marginheight="0" marginwidth="0" scrolling="no" src="#"justify"></body>

</html>


Теги: The rules of logistics  Диплом  Маркетинг
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